Tawakkol Karman, born on February 7th, 1979, in Shar’ab al-Salam, in Taiz,
She moved with her family to live in Sana’a. The mother of three children is known for her opposition to the regime of the former president Ali Abdu Allah Saleh overthrown by popular uprising in 2011 after three decades of rule
Karman’s writings and comments have been characterized as sharp tone. In an article published on September 27th, 2007, in al-Thawry newspaper, organ of the Yemeni Socialist Party, she called to overthrow the then regime and replace it with a democracy providing all freedoms and rights.
In 2005, Karman founded “Women Journalists without Chains” that has plaid a major role in advocating for the freedom of the press and human rights, and opposing Saleh regime’s repressive policies, which promoted the Time magazine to name her at the top 16 of the history’s most rebellious women
She has also obtained several titles and prizes as follows:
• The lady of year 2011 according to the readers and subscribers of Yahoo website;
• One of the Top 100 Global Thinkers selected by the Foreign Policy Magazine;
• Among the most strongest 100 Arab women;
• Awarded the Courage Award by the Embassy of United States of America, Sana'a in 2008;
• One of the seven women who change the history for the year of 2009;
• Member of Transparency International’s Advisory Council;
• Member of High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post 2015 Development;
• She granted the honorary degree of doctor of law from Alberta University-Canada
Tawakkol Karman led dozens of peaceful demonstrations, and she is the person who came up with holding weekly protest in front of council of ministries. Later, the place has become known as “Freedom Square”. She preferred the option of change at peaceful manner when she launched a campaign to change the regime in order to preserve the Yemeni state, which had been crumbling due to wrong policies of Saleh regime. The Nobel Prize winner made a stand in favor of the Southern Movement, which was expressing rejection of the policies aiming at marginalization of the south. She attended some of its activities, and delivered fiery speeches against the regime. The Advocate of vulnerable groups adopted defending the rights of what was known in the media as “displaced persons of al-Ja’ashen, which is an area located in Ibb province, about 240 km from the capital Sana'a. Karman organized protest marches, staged sit-ins, and mounted media and political campaigns against Sheikh Mohammed Ahmed Mansour, one of the most influential men loyal to the then president Saleh, who had displaced dozens of families from their own homes and farms unlawfully. The individual rights advocate, however, kept on organizing anti-regime protests. On the evening of January 23, 2011, she was arrested and sent to the prison of women on a charge of holding rallies, unlicensed marches, incitement to cause chaos and riot, and undermining social peace. It led to public anger, leading up to the outbreak of a popular uprising on February 11th, which overthrew the power of the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh. The Nobel Peace Prize 2011 was awarded jointly to Tawakkol Karman, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee" for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work. Upon being granted the prize, Tawakkol Karman has become the first Yemeni, the first Arab woman, and the second Muslim woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize, as well as the youngest Nobel Peace Laureate to date, at the age of 32. UN Secreta The Advocate of vulnerable groups adopted defending the rights of what was known in the media as “displaced persons of al-Ja’ashen, which is an area located in Ibb province, about 240 km from the capital Sana'a.ry-General Ban Ki-moon announced on 31 July the members of a new High-level Panel to advise on the global development agenda beyond 2015. Among the members were the human rights activist Tawakkol Karman, the president Horst Köhler of Germany, Prime Minister David Cameron of the United Kingdom, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono of Indonesia, President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf of Liberia, Queen Rania of Jordon, and former Prime Minister Naoto Kan of Japan. Tawakkol Karman is a founder and an active member of many organizations and councils concerning the defense of freedom, democracy and peace, and struggle against tyranny and corruption. Her activities are centered around values of human rights, fight against extremism and military coups, and the protection of children and women during wars and armed conflicts.